Fun Fact Friday From Zoo 4 You!
1.) The Emperor Scorpion
The Emperor Scorpion is native to Africa and lives for around 6 years. A large proportion of their diet in the wild is termites. These Scorpions are able to dig down up to 6 feet in order to find termites! They have pincers at the front of their body and they also have a stinger on the end of their tail that they can inject venom with.
The Emperor Scorpion is our Zoo 4 You animal of the week!
2.) The Oxpecker
Oxpeckers live on the backs of a variety of different mammals. They generally live on any mammal that will tolerate them, a few being; hippos, giraffes, zebras and rhinos. They have claws facing both forwards and backwards so that they can stand on the backs of these mammals with ease. Oxpeckers feast on ticks and other parasites, they are also keen on ear wax and can be found cleaning the ears of their hosts. The Oxpeckers also peck at wounds on their hosts to keep them open so that they can drink the blood. They lay their eggs in nests but this is the only time that they leave their homes on the backs of these mammals. In return to the mammals that they live on, they make alarm calls when predators are in sight!
3.) The Capybara
Capybara are the worlds largest rodent! They are around 4 ft in length and weigh between 40-70 kg. Capybara come from South America and are semi-aquatic, spending a lot of their time in the water. They are specially adapted to their semi-aquatic lifestyle. They have webbed feet which are great for swimming and walking through the muddy banks. Their nose and eyes are also situated at the top of their heads enabling them to see and breath with ease whilst swimming. They are great divers and can stay under water for 5 minutes in order to hide from possible predators. Capybara live for about 10 years in the wild and stay in their family groups of around 10-20 individuals.
4.) The Golden Poison Dart Frog
The Golden Poison Dart Frog is native to Colombia. They eat a variety of insects such as; flies, beetles and ants. The Golden Poison Dart Frog is one of the most toxic animals in the world and is the most poisonous frog to humans. In the past these frogs have had their poison extracted by the Colombian people. They extracted the poison and used it to make their darts poisonous for hunting, hence their name.
Researchers are not entirely sure how they get their poison. None of these frogs that have been bred in captivity have poison which makes scientists believe that it must be something that they ingest in the wild that creates it. These frogs only have one natural predator which is the Fire-Bellied Snake, they are the only known animal that can tolerate the toxins. Golden Poison Dart Frogs are now classed as endangered due to loss of habitat.
5.) The Greater Glider
Greater Gliders are native to Australia and live in hollows found in the trees. They mainly eat eucalyptus leaves and so they generally live in the forests of eucalyptus trees in Eastern Australia. They are specially adapted to their habitat. They can glide from tree to tree in order to get food and they have large claws that help them to hold on to the tree branches. Greater Gliders are the largest species of glider in Australia. They are around 35-45 centimetres! These marsupials can glide up to 100 metres.
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